Striving in wetlands, though able to grow in most places, the Baldcypress reaches about forty to fifty feet within approximately twenty years of life. It has pale, needle-like leaves that turn a bold, coppery red in the fall, similar to Redwoods. The trunk grows unusually thick toward the base. Near the water, it develops “knees” that extend above the water. The roots do not tend to lift sidewalks or curbs.
Pests that are typical of Baldcypress are bagworms and mites, which can defoliate portions of the tree and cause early leaf browning. Twig blight is a disease that may inhibit them, caused by a weak pathogen that is usually present on dying tissue.
Baldcypress is known for its high merchantable properties. Their swamps are “some of the world’s most productive ecosystems.” They are used for many wood carvings and other products because of their odorless, extremely water-resistant wood. Even “Pecky cypress”, caused by the fungus Stereum taxodii, is used for decorative paneling. Overall, the Baldcypress is easily one of the most beautiful trees to benefit the environment.
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(U.S Department of Agriculture)